Ti:Sapphire Crystals

Ti:Sapphire Crystals
Ti:Sapphire Crystals Ti:Sapphire Crystals

Ti:Sapphire crystal is the most widely used tunable solid-state laser material combining the supreme physical and optical properties with the extremely broad lasing range.  Its lasing bandwidth can support pulses < 10 fs making it the crystal of choice for femtosecond mode-locked oscillators and amplifiers.  The absorption band of Ti:Sapphire centers at ~ 490 nm so it may be conveniently pumped by various laser sources such as argon ion lasers or frequency doubled Nd:YAG, Nd:YLF, Nd:YVO4 lasers at ~ 530 nm.

We can provide Ti:Sapphire crystals with the faces flat cut and broadband AR coated @ 800 nm.  The ends can also be cut at the Brewster angle to eliminate the reflection loss.

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End Cut:
Part No. Description Doping End cut Price Availability Add to Cart

Basic Properties:

Chemical formula


Crystal structure

Hexagonal a=4.758, c=12.991


3.98 g/cm3

Melting point

2040 oC

Mohs hardness


Thermal conductivity

52 W/m/K

Laser action

4-level vibronic

Fluorescence lifetime

3.2 µs (T=300 K)

Tuning range

660 - 1050 nm

Absorption range

400 - 600 nm

Emission peak

795 nm

Absorption peak

488 nm

Refractive index

1.76 @ 800 nm

Absorption Coefficient vs. Ti Doping Level:

Specifications on Ti:Sapphire Products:


a-cut with the rod axis normal to the optical axis (c-axis).
c-cut available upon request.

Titanium (Ti) doping:   

0.06 - 0.25% (Weight Percentage, wt%) 

Figure of Merit (FOM):  

> 250 or 150 depending on the doping level    

End configurations:   

Flat/Flat or Brewster/Brewster ends


λ/10 @ 633 nm


20 arc sec

Surface finishing:   

10/5 scratch/dig to MIL-O-13830A   

Wavefront distortion:   

<  λ/4 per inch


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